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Title: An automated mathematical morphology driven algorithm for water body extraction from remotely sensed images
Authors: Rishikeshan, C.A.
Ramesh, H.
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 2018, Vol.146, , pp.11-21
Abstract: The detection and extraction of water bodies from satellite imagery is very important and useful for several planning and developmental activities such as shoreline identification, mapping riverbank erosion, watershed extraction and water resource management. Popular techniques for water body extraction like those based on the normalized difference water index (NDWI) require reflectance information in the green and near-infrared (NIR) bands of the light spectrum. Moreover, some commonly used approaches may perform differently according to the spatial resolution of the images. In this regard, mathematical morphological (MM) techniques for image processing have been employed for spatial feature extraction as they preserve edges and shapes. This study proposes a flexible MM driven approach which is very effective for the extraction of water bodies from several satellite images with different spatial resolution. MM provides effective tools for processing image objects based on size and shape and is particularly adapted for water bodies that have typically specific spatial characteristics. In greater details, the proposed extraction algorithm preserves the actual size and shape of the water bodies since it is based on morphological operators based on geodesic reconstruction. Moreover, the choice of the filter size (called structural element (SE) in MM) in the proposed algorithm is done dynamically allowing one to retain the most precise results from different set of inputs images of different spatial resolution and swath. The availability of more than one spectral band of satellite imagery is not necessary for the proposed algorithm as it utilizes only a single band for its computation. This makes it convenient to apply in single band imageries obtained from satellites such as Cartosat thereby making the proposed approach effective over commonly used methods. The accuracy assessment was carried out and compared with the maximum likelihood (ML) classifier and methods based on spectral indices. In all the five test datasets, extraction accuracy of the proposed MM approach was significantly higher than that of spectral indices and ML methods. The results drawn from visual and qualitative assessments indicated its capability and efficiency in water body extraction from different satellite images. 2018 International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Inc. (ISPRS)
URI: 10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2018.08.014
Appears in Collections:1. Journal Articles

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