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|Title:||Aileron endurance test rig design based on high fidelity mathematical modeling|
|Citation:||CEAS Aeronautical Journal, 2017, Vol.8, 4, pp.653-671|
|Abstract:||This paper presents a model-based approach to design aileron endurance test rig (ETR). ETR is a dynamic load simulator which simulates aerodynamic load on-ground for verifying and validating the design, performance and stability of aileron actuator. Aileron actuator is a servo-controlled linear hydraulic actuator used to control the movement of ailerons in aircraft. Aileron is one of the primary flight control surfaces which controls roll of the aircraft. In ETR, Aileron actuator acts as unit under test (UUT) while a double-acting linear hydraulic actuator produces a dynamic load with the help of high pressure fluid source and electro-hydraulic servo valve (EHSV). The design of the test rig depends on load and velocity requirements which vary widely over the whole flight envelop and depends on deflection of surface, angle of attack, aircraft speed and altitude. One of the critical factor in designing ETR is to accurately model the interaction between the UUT and load system. This paper presents a simple yet powerful approach of free body diagram to account the power flow between the two systems. Model-based approach allowed to simulate the complete test rig behavior identifying the values of the critical parameters prior to building it. A high fidelity, non-linear mathematical model of aileron ETR is developed, simulated and verified. An appropriate load actuator and its electro-hydraulic servo valve are chosen to meet load and velocity requirements. The minimum rig structure stiffness is determined to ensure the stability of the load control system. A velocity feed-forward-based load controller along with proportional-integral control is implemented and tuned to meet the load control performance satisfactorily. Finally, the developed model is validated against the experimental data from actual test rig. 2017, Deutsches Zentrum f r Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.|
|Appears in Collections:||1. Journal Articles|
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