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|Title:||Additive Manufacturing of Three-Phase Syntactic Foams Containing Glass Microballoons and Air Pores|
|Citation:||JOM, 2019, Vol.71, 4, pp.1520-1527|
|Abstract:||High-density polyethylene and its syntactic foams reinforced with 20 vol.% and 40 vol.% glass microballoons were 3D printed using the fused filament fabrication method and studied for their compressive response. The three-phase microstructure of syntactic foams fabricated in this work also contained about 10 vol.% matrix porosity for obtaining light weight for buoyancy applications. Filaments for 3D printing were developed using a single screw filament extruder and printed on a commercial 3D printer using settings optimized in this work. Three-dimensional printed blanks were machined to obtain specimens that were tested at 10 ?4 s ?1 , 10 ?3 s ?1 , 10 ?2 s ?1 and 1 s ?1 strain rates. The compression results were compared with those of compression-molded (CM) specimens of the same materials. It was observed that the syntactic foam had a three-phase microstructure: matrix, microballoons and air voids. The air voids made the resulting foam lighter than the CM specimen. The moduli of the 3D-printed specimen were higher than those of the CM specimens at all strain rates. Yield strength was observed to be higher for CM samples than 3D-printed ones. 2019, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society.|
|Appears in Collections:||1. Journal Articles|
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