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Title: A Bottom-Up Optimization Approach for Friction Stir Welding Parameters of Dissimilar AA2024-T351 and AA7075-T651 Alloys
Authors: Anil, Kumar, K.S.
Murigendrappa, S.M.
Kumar, H.
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 2017, Vol.26, 7, pp.3347-3367
Abstract: In the present study, optimum friction stir weld parameters such as plunge depth, tool rotation speed and traverse speed for butt weld of dissimilar aluminum alloy plates, typically 2024-T351 and 7075-T651, are investigated using a bottom-up approach. In the approach, optimum FSW parameters are achieved by varying any one parameter for every trial while remaining parameters are kept constant. The specimens are extracted from the friction stir-welded plates for studying the tensile, hardness and microstructure properties. Optimum friction stir weld individual parameters are selected based on the highest ultimate tensile strength of the friction stir-welded butt joint specimens produced by varying in each case one parameter and keeping the other two constant. The microstructure samples were investigated for presence of defects, grain refinement at the weld nugget (WN), bonding between the two materials and interface of WN, TMAZ (thermomechanically affected zone) of both advancing and retreating sides of the dissimilar joints using optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy analyses. In the experimental investigations, the optimum FSW parameters such as plunge depth, 6.2 mm, rotation speed, 650 rpm and traverse speed of 150 mm/min result in ultimate tensile strength, 435 MPa, yield strength, 290 MPa, weld joint efficiency, 92% and maximum elongation, 13%. The microstructure of optimized sample in the WN region revealed alternate lamellae material flow pattern with better metallurgical properties, defect free and very fine equiaxed grain size of about 3-5 m. 2017, ASM International.
URI: 10.1007/s11665-017-2746-z
Appears in Collections:1. Journal Articles

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