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|Title:||Damage identification and assessment using image processing on post-disaster satellite imagery|
|Citation:||GHTC 2017 - IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference, Proceedings, 2017, Vol.2017-January, , pp.1-7|
|Abstract:||Natural disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis often have a devastating effect on human life and cause noticeable damage to infrastructure. Active research has been ongoing to mitigate the impact of these catastrophes and preclude the economic losses. The existing methods that utilize pre-event and post-event images not only require the immediate and guaranteed availability of the appropriate data set but are also encumbered by manual mapping of the images, necessitating the indication of corresponding control points in the two images. This paper highlights the use of only post-event imagery in the absence of reference data to achieve a more timely delivery to produce damage maps as the output. This eliminates the need for manual georeferencing of images. Our method incorporates simple linear iterative clustering (SLIC) for segmenting the images into uniform superpixels and extraction of 62 features for each superpixel. We used various classifiers of which Random Forest classifier was found to give a comparatively high accuracy of 90.4% over others. To enumerate the accuracy of the method proposed, we used 1500 data regions of which 20% were used for testing, and 80% were used for training. The aerial images taken by GeoEye1 after the 2011 Christchurch earthquake and 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami are utilized in this study to detect building damage. In the case of availability of ground truth, we compare the histograms of the pre- and post-imagery to quantify similarity as the SSD (Sum of Squared Distances) value and thus, our approach produces an assessment as an output map displaying the extent of damage in the area covered by each superpixel. We consider 6 levels of damage ranging from 1 to 6, where 1 signifies no damage, and 6, maximum damage. � 2017 IEEE.|
|Appears in Collections:||2. Conference Papers|
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