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Title: Assessment of blast performance based on energy distribution
Authors: Sastry, V.R.
Ram Chandar, K.
Issue Date: 2008
Citation: 42nd U.S. Rock Mechanics - 2nd U.S.-Canada Rock Mechanics Symposium, 2008, Vol., , pp.-
Abstract: Effective utilization of explosive energy in and around the blasthole gives better fragmentation with reduced unwanted results. Ineffective utilization of energy leads to dissipation of energy in the form of ground vibrations, noise, fly rock, back break etc. An attempt is made in this paper to present the results of the study on blast performance based on the energy dissipated into ground vibrations by analyzing the wave forms and estimating the energy distribution around blastholes by simulating blast patterns using JkSimBlast software.Generally, ground vibrations generated due to blasting operations are monitored at a known distance from blast site with a geophone / ground vibration monitor, in three mutually orthogonal, i.e longitudinal, transverse and vertical directions. Using such wave forms, the work done (energy) was estimated for all the signals in three directions, based on the principle that the area within the curve is 'work done'. Summation of energy in all three directions was considered to estimate the total work done (energy) from each blast event. Fourteen blasts were conducted in a limestone mine in southern India in 7 pairs. In each pair, one blast was conducted with shocktube initiation and other one with detonating cord initiation, keeping initiation patterns and all other parameters constant. Ground vibrations monitoring distance was also kept constant in each pair of blasts. The events were analyzed and the work done was estimated for each event. It was found that the detonating cord initiated blasts dissipated higher energy in the form of ground vibrations compared to shocktube initiated blasts. The blast performance was assessed based on the energy distribution around the blastholes. A comparative analysis was done with both the initiation systems. Once the blasthole is initiated, the explosive energy dissipates into the rock mass in the form of strain waves. The energy will be high at the vicinity of the blastholes, and it dissipates gradually with distance. If the energy is higher than the breaking strength of the rock mass the rock mass gets fragmented. Based on this concept, the blast patterns were simulated using JkSimBlast software. Around the blastholes, the energy distribution was divided into four zones / ranges. It was found that the area of highest energy zone around the blastholes is larger for shock tube initiated blasts than the detonating cord initiated blasts, which indicates effective energy utilization with shocktube initiation system.
Appears in Collections:2. Conference Papers

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