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Title: Solder joint reliability of Sn-Cu and Sn-Ag-Cu lead-free solder alloys solidified on copper substrates with different surface roughnesses
Authors: Satyanarayan
Prabhu, K.N.
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Materials Science Forum, 2015, Vol.830-831, , pp.265-269
Abstract: In the present work, the bond strength of Sn-0.7Cu, Sn-0.3Ag-0.7Cu, Sn-2.5Ag-0.5Cu and Sn-3Ag-0.5Cu lead free solders solidified on Cu substrates was experimentally determined. The bond shear test was used to assess the integrity of Sn�Cu and Sn�Ag�Cu lead-free solder alloy drops solidified on smooth and rough Cu substrate surfaces. The increase in the surface roughness of Cu substrates improved the wettability of solders. The wettability was not affected by the Ag content of solders. Solder bonds on smooth surfaces yielded higher shear strength compared to rough surfaces. Fractured surfaces revealed the occurrence of ductile mode of failure on smooth Cu surfaces and a transition ridge on rough Cu surfaces. Though rough Cu substrate improved the wettability of solder alloys, solder bonds were sheared at a lower force leading to decreased shear energy density compared to the smooth Cu surface. A smooth surface finish and the presence of minor amounts of Ag in the alloy improved the integrity of the solder joint. Smoother surface is preferable as it favors failure in the solder matrix. � (2015) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.
Appears in Collections:2. Conference Papers

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