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Title: Ultra-sensitive clogging free combustible molecular precursor-based screen-printed ZnO sensors: a detection of ammonia and formaldehyde breath markers
Authors: Manjunath G.
Nagaraju P.
Mandal S.
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics Vol. 32 , 5 , p. 5713 - 5728
Abstract: It is beneficial to develop the cost-effective, ultra-sensitive ZnO-based sensor for the rapid detection and quantification of the ammonia and formaldehyde breath markers under ambient conditions. Here, one-step solution route was adopted to formulate the aqueous combustible molecular precursor-based clogging free screen-printing ink consisting of zinc nitrate as an oxidizer, glycine as fuel, and eco-friendly binder sodium carboxymethylcellulose. The formulated precursor was deposited on the glass substrates via a screen-printing technique followed by annealing at different temperatures for an hour. Screen printed ZnO sensors processed at 500 °C with high crystallinity, less lattice distortion, low optical bandgap, and high concentration of donor defects showed remarkably high NH3 gas response ~ 336 and a moderate HCHO response ~ 16.4 towards the 5 ppm and 10 ppm of the respective gases. In addition it's LOD values is drawn as 0.6 ppm and 2.9 ppm for NH3 and HCHO gases, respectively, and exhibits superior selectivity towards ammonia. Faster diffusion of oxygen vacancies (Vo) in the smaller crystallites resulted expeditious sensor kinetics in the screen-printed sensor processed at 400 °C. Response and recovery time were recorded to be 50 s and 50 s to the 5 ppm of NH3, respectively. The crystallinity-dominant domain overcomes the adverse effect of larger grains on the gas response of screen-printed ZnO sensor processed at 500 °C. Robust, scalable, and cost-effective screen-printed ZnO conductometric sensors demonstrated here has a potential application in clinical diagnosis, and also in monitoring the NH3 and HCHO gases at low ppm-level. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC part of Springer Nature.
Appears in Collections:1. Journal Articles

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