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Title: L, r-Stitch Unit: Encoder-Decoder-CNN Based Image-Mosaicing Mechanism for Stitching Non-Homogeneous Image Sequences
Authors: Chilukuri P.K.
Padala P.
Padala P.
Desanamukula V.S.
Pvgd P.R.
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: IEEE Access Vol. 9 , , p. 16761 - 16782
Abstract: Image-stitching (or) mosaicing is considered an active research-topic with numerous use-cases in computer-vision, AR/VR, computer-graphics domains, but maintaining homogeneity among the input image sequences during the stitching/mosaicing process is considered as a primary-limitation major-disadvantage. To tackle these limitations, this article has introduced a robust and reliable image stitching methodology (l,r-Stitch Unit), which considers multiple non-homogeneous image sequences as input to generate a reliable panoramically stitched wide view as the final output. The l,r-Stitch Unit further consists of a pre-processing, post-processing sub-modules a l,r-PanoED-network, where each sub-module is a robust ensemble of several deep-learning, computer-vision image-handling techniques. This article has also introduced a novel convolutional-encoder-decoder deep-neural-network (l,r-PanoED-network) with a unique split-encoding-network methodology, to stitch non-coherent input left, right stereo image pairs. The encoder-network of the proposed l,r-PanoED extracts semantically rich deep-feature-maps from the input to stitch/map them into a wide-panoramic domain, the feature-extraction feature-mapping operations are performed simultaneously in the l,r-PanoED's encoder-network based on the split-encoding-network methodology. The decoder-network of l,r-PanoED adaptively reconstructs the output panoramic-view from the encoder networks' bottle-neck feature-maps. The proposed l,r-Stitch Unit has been rigorously benchmarked with alternative image-stitching methodologies on our custom-built traffic dataset and several other public-datasets. Multiple evaluation metrics (SSIM, PSNR, MSE, L_{\alpha,\beta,\gamma } , FM-rate, Average-latency-time) wild-Conditions (rotational/color/intensity variances, noise, etc) were considered during the benchmarking analysis, and based on the results, our proposed method has outperformed among other image-stitching methodologies and has proved to be effective even in wild non-homogeneous inputs. © 2013 IEEE.
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