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Title: Influence of Fineness of Mineral Admixtures on the Degree of Atmospheric Mineral Carbonation
Authors: Farsana C.
Das B.B.
Snehal K.
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering , Vol. 78 , , p. 117 - 136
Abstract: Global carbon dioxide concentration is rising at the rate of 2 ppm every year, which had led to the demand of sustainable development. In construction industry, manufacturing of cement is the main source of global anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions. Carbon capture and storage is a recent technology which had helped to sequester carbon dioxide from atmosphere and thus helps in reducing the greenhouse effect to a certain extent. This study mainly focuses on the atmospheric mineral carbonation of mineral admixtures like fly ash (FA), ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS), and silica fume (SF), which are the industrial by-products and are being treated as waste. This study also focuses on the effect of fineness of different mineral admixtures on the degree of atmospheric mineral carbonation. Fly ash with three different levels of fineness (FA, FA I, and FA II), GGBS with three different levels of fineness (GGBS, GGBS I, and GGBS II), and silica fume were mixed with activators like lime and gypsum and were left for atmospheric mineral carbonation. Mineralogical characterisations were done using X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Degree of carbonation of the samples was analyzed and calculated using the TGA results. From the comparative analysis of all the samples, it was found that GGBS II had highest degree of carbonation. It was also observed that calcium-based compounds like calcite, aragonite, vaterite, calcite magnesium syn, gismondine, waikarite, calcium silicate hydrate, diopside, calcium sulfate, and portlandite were formed in the samples after 45 and 90 days of atmospheric mineral carbonation. However, it was observed that with increasing levels of fineness of mineral admixtures, there was no significant change in the degree of atmospheric mineral carbonation. © 2021, Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.
Appears in Collections:2. Conference Papers

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