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Title: Impacts of dams on sediment yield and coastal processes using swat and dsas tools
Authors: Athira K.
Yadav A.
Dodamani B.M.
Dwarakish G.S.
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering , Vol. 99 , , p. 633 - 645
Abstract: Soil erosion is considered as one of the major causes of land degradation and reservoir sedimentation. Therefore, modeling of runoff and sediment yield at the catchment level is necessary. In this study, an attempt was made to simulate runoff and sediment yield of hydrologically similar basins of Kali River and Aghanashini River which joins west coast of India. A conceptual, continuous time and semi-distributed SWAT2012 (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) model was selected for the modeling purpose. For the last two decades, Kali river basin experienced a very high rate of soil erosion due to various developmental activities in the basin. Therefore, it is essential to identify the soil loss within the basin. There are five dams constructed across the Kali river basin for various purposes. The presence of these reservoirs regulates stream flow and thus sediment load in the basin. However, the free movement of water across the Aghanashini river catchment leads to the unobstructed passage of sediments to the river mouth, as the catchment is not disturbed by the reservoir. This study deals with the impacts of the dams on stream flow, sediment load and the response of shoreline. Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) tool was used to analyze the shoreline changes. Simulated and observed values of runoff are compared, and calibration and validation were done for the basins using SWAT-CUP. Analysis of calibration and validation results shows that the model has a good performance. Therefore, the SWAT model can be used to conduct further studies in these study areas. Sediment yield obtained at the catchment outlet was 1.07 t/ha/year and 4.58 t/ha/year for Kali and Aghanashini basins, respectively. Less amount of sediment load in the Kali basin indicate the influence of reservoir operation on stream flow and sediment yield. The shoreline analysis of both the basins concluded that Devbagh beach connecting with Kali river estuary is under erosion and Aghanashini beach is under naturally nourished condition. © Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd 2021.
Appears in Collections:2. Conference Papers

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