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Title: Tropical, Seasonal River Basin Development: Hydrogeological Analysis
Authors: Shetkar, R.V.
Mahesha, A.
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 2011, Vol.16, 3, pp.280-291
Abstract: This study presents a hydrogeological analysis of a humid tropical, seasonal river in the context of climate change, increasing demand for water, and uneven distribution of rainfall. We investigate the Netravathi basin, a tropical river basin of south India. The climate change effect on the basin was evident in terms of increasing trend in temperature by about 0.7�C/100 years and decreasing trend in the river flow during the monsoon by about 0.8% of average annual flow per year using the Mann-Kendall trend test. Even though rainfall was found to be decreasing, no significant trend could be established. From the trend analysis of the river flow, it was found that there is an overall declining trend with longer scarcity periods. In addition, the trends of magnitude and frequency of high flows are declining. Even though the region receives an average annual rainfall of about 3,930�mm, it has nonuniform distribution with most of the rainfall confining to a few months of a year. In view of this, the region suffers from a prolonged dry period during February to May. The projected domestic water demand of the region for the next 25�years is estimated to be increasing from the present 0.09 mm3 to 0.25 mm3 per day because of rapid urbanization and industrialization. The purpose of this investigation is to highlight the effects of climate change and uneven distribution of rainfall in the river basin. This may assist in proper planning of the basin through strategies such as river water harvesting, which is investigated in the companion paper. Because the Netravathi River is a seasonal and tidal river, and saltwater intrusion along the river during the summer months is affecting the development of the basin. It was found that the river water is affected up to distance of about 22,000�m from the Arabian sea and the wells on the banks of the river are found to be highly vulnerable to saltwater intrusion during the summer period (March to May). � 2011 American Society of Civil Engineers.
URI: 10.1061/(ASCE)HE.1943-5584.0000328
Appears in Collections:1. Journal Articles

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