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|Title:||Tropical, Seasonal River Basin Development through a Series of Vented Dams|
|Citation:||Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 2011, Vol.16, 3, pp.292-302|
|Abstract:||Tropical rivers are predominantly seasonal in nature, and managing water resources during the deficit period is becoming more difficult because of the rapidly increasing demand for water. The present investigation focuses on harvesting Netravathi River water in the southern Indian peninsula through a series of vented dams with an estimated storage capacity of 102 Mm3 for use during the deficit period. A brief hydraulic design of a vented dam at a specific location is presented. The spacing and capacity of these reservoirs were worked out on the basis of the dam height and the river characteristics. The proposed vented dams are seasonal dams, and the closure of the vents will be decided on the flow available (i.e., 95% dependable flow), the storage capacity, and the minimum water release required for the downstream ecosystem. The appropriate time to start storing water in the vented dams was estimated to be in the month of November, and the entire process of storing water in the vented dams may last for about 41�days. An operational protocol for the storing process is presented. The investigations of aquifer parameters were performed by using electrical resistivity, pumping, and soil tests. The results indicated that the aquifer is shallow, unconfined in nature, and had a depth ranging from 18 to 30�m and hydraulic conductivity ranging from 62.6 to 406 m/day. A multiple regression model developed to assess the groundwater recharge in the adjoining well fields indicated that water table fluctuations may be 30% of reservoir level fluctuations. Because the river is also tidal in nature, a saltwater exclusion dam is proposed at the lower reaches of the river to prevent the entry of saltwater along the river during the summer period. � 2011 American Society of Civil Engineers.|
|Appears in Collections:||1. Journal Articles|
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