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Title: Time Constant Enhancement Technique for Low-Frequency Filters
Authors: Rao, G.H.
Rekha, S.
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: Circuits, Systems, and Signal Processing, 2020, Vol.39, 3, pp.1213-1226
Abstract: This paper presents a simple and novel technique to enhance the time constant of a source follower (SF)-based low-pass filter (LPF) for front-end processing of biomedical signals. The proposed technique reduces the capacitor value significantly, which in turn reduces the area of the circuit. Inherent negative feedback and lower number of transistors in this circuit result in good linearity and dynamic range even with low power supply of 0.8 V. A second-order LPF of cutoff frequency (f-3dB) of 100 Hz is designed by cascading the proposed NMOS and PMOS SF LPFs. Cutoff frequency can be tuned linearly from 10 Hz to 1 kHz by varying the bias current and, hence, can be fit into the desired frequency range of different bio-potentials. The filter, designed in UMC 65 nm process, occupies an area of 0.008mm2. It offers a dynamic range of 61.85 dB while consuming a power as low as 8 nW. Figure of merit of the filter is as low as 3.23?10-14J which is better than many other filter designs reported in the literature. 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
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