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Title: Synthesis, characterization and annealing of mechanically alloyed nanostructured FeAl powder
Authors: Rajath, Hegde, M.M.
Surendranathan, A.O.
Issue Date: 2009
Citation: Frontiers of Materials Science in China, 2009, Vol.3, 3, pp.310-318
Abstract: Elemental powders of Fe and Al were mechanically alloyed using a high energy rate ball mill. A nanostructure disordered Fe(Al) solid solution was formed at an early stage. After 28 h of milling, it was found that the Fe(Al) solid solution was transformed into an ordered FeAl phase. During the entire ball milling process, the elemental phase co-existed with the alloyed phase. Ball milling was performed under toluene to minimise atmospheric contamination. Ball milled powders were subsequently annealed to induce more ordering. Phase transformation and structural changes during mechanical alloying (MEA) and subsequent annealing were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was employed to examine the morphology of the powders and to measure the powder particle size. Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) was utilised to examine the composition of mechanically alloyed powder particles. XRD and EDS were also employed to examine the atmospheric and milling media contamination. Phase transformation at elevated temperatures was examined by differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). The crystallite size obtained after 28 h of milling time was around 18 nm. Ordering was characterised by small reduction in crystallite size while large reduction was observed during disordering. Micro hardness was influenced by Crystallite size and structural transformation. Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag 2009.
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