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Title: Synthesis of effective electrocatalyst for water splitting application from simple Cu-Ni bath
Authors: Elias, L.
Banjan, R.U.
Hegde, A.C.
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry, 2017, Vol.53, 4, pp.352-359
Abstract: Electrocatalytically active Cu-Ni alloy coatings have been developed from a simple electrolyte having only Cu+2 and Ni+2 ions, without the use of any additive. Electrocatalytic character of the coatings was tested for their hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in 1.0 M KOH medium, alongside with their corrosion behaviours. Cyclic voltammetry and chronopotentio-metry study revealed that the deposition current density has a prominent role on the alkaline water splitting behaviour of the coatings, depending on their phase structure, composition and surface morphology. It was found that the c.d. has an inverse dependence on HER and OER. The Cu-Ni alloy coatings developed, respectively at 3.0 and 4.0 A dm 2, were found to be the best coatings for HER and OER, depending on the surface morphology. The electrocatalytic activity of Cu-Ni alloy coating for HER, deposited at 3.0 A dm 2 (optimal), was further improved through electrochemical dissolution of the as-deposited coating. The increase in the electrocatalytic activity for HER has been attributed to the enhancement in the exposed surface area of Ni active sites due to the leaching of Cu from the alloy matrices, evidenced by the energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The dependencies of HER and OER on to the surface of Cu-Ni alloy coatings were analysed in terms of deposition c.d. of the coatings, and the results are discussed. 2017, Allerton Press, Inc.
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