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|Short-term and long-term geomorphological dynamics of Mangalore spits using IRS-1A/1C Data
|Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, 2000, Vol.28, 4, pp.233-247
|The city of Mangalore is situated at the confluence of rivers Gurpur and Netravati. Two spits are formed in this area, i.e., northern spit of "Bengre" and the southern spit of "Ullar" as the rivers flow close and parallel to the seashore for some distance. The spits have been subjected to constant geomorphological changes in length, width, position, accretion and erosion patterns etc, for the past several decades. A seawall was constructed in 1984 around the tip of Bengre spit and another one along the shoreline of Ullal spit in 1987. by the Government of Karnataka in order to prevent the spits from being eroded. Two breakwaters were also constructed in 1992 near the estuaries mouth as part of the development of old Mangalore Port. The paper presents the results of a study undertaken to identify the geomorphologic changes that occurred in the area, using IRS-1A/1C data for the years of 1988, 1994, 1996. The study clearly demonstrated that the IRS data could be effectively utilized for monitoring the geodynamics of an area. It was observed that the spits were highly unstable earlier. However, the construction of seawalls was helpful in arresting the migration of the estuaries mouth and in stabilizing the spits against coastal erosion.
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