Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Predicting Gamakas-The Essential Embellishments in Karnatic Music
Authors: Rajan, M.R.
Vijayasenan, D.
Vijayakumar, A.
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: IEEE Access, 2019, Vol.7, , pp.175386-175395
Abstract: Gamakas are the musical embellishments used in Karnatic Music. Predicting them from the musical notations plays an important part in applications like automatic synthesis and composition of Karnatic Music. Since there are no well-defined rules governing the use of gamakas, predicting them is a challenging problem. In this work, we propose a method to detect the presence and type of gamakas, in a data-driven manner, from the annotated symbolic music alone. We propose features based on the notes of the song for these tasks. These features are used as inputs to a Random Forest Classifier. We digitise 80 songs from a well known reference book of Karnatic music to create a dataset consisting roughly 30000 notes. We train the classifier on around 12000 notes and test on roughly 18000 notes. From our experiments, the accuracy values obtained for predicting gamaka presence and type are 77% and 70%, respectively. These are significantly better than random classification accuracies. We also analyse the importance of neighbourhood of notes for the detection and classification of gamakas. It is observed that the best accuracy is obtained for gamaka presence detection when a both-sided neighbourhood of size three is considered; and best accuracy for gamaka type prediction is obtained with a both-sided neighbourhood of size one. The analysis performed on the training data reveals that there is information contained in these neighbourhoods for distinguishing between gamaka and non-gamaka notes. 2013 IEEE.
Appears in Collections:1. Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.