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Title: MAPE-An Alternative Fitness Metric for Prony Analysis of Power System Signals
Authors: Rao, K.
Shubhanga, K.N.
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: International Journal of Emerging Electric Power Systems, 2018, Vol.19, 6, pp.-
Abstract: Phasor Measurement Units have facilitated tracking of oscillations in power system response signals. This has provided an impetus for identifying unstable component modes directly from oscillatory signals. Prony analysis, the earliest method proposed for this purpose, throws up some trivial modes. These not only distract the analyzer but also prolong processing time thereby delaying corrective action. Hence the fitness metric chosen should serve to minimize the number of trivial modes. The conventional fitness metric is Signal-To-Noise Ratio (SNR), which is actually Signal-To-Estimation error Ratio (SER). This paper proposes that Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE) can also serve well as a fitness metric. It is shown through case studies carried out on well-known four-machine power system that there are a few cases where MAPE performs better than SER while in some instances SER works better. This inference is verified even in the presence of measurement noise. Hence a novel fitness metric is proposed combining MAPE with SER. Case studies on simulated signals obtained from New England-power system prove that this novel metric can achieve considerable reduction in processing time. Besides, an exponential binary search has been suggested for determining the optimal model order in minimum number of iterations. 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston 2018.
Appears in Collections:1. Journal Articles

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