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Title: Low-temperature reducible particle-free screen-printable silver ink for the fabrication of high conductive electrodes
Authors: Manjunath, G.
Pujar, P.
Gupta, B.
Gupta, D.
Mandal, S.
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 2019, Vol.30, 20, pp.18647-18658
Abstract: In this contribution, screen printing of aqueous based particle-free silver ink is addressed using combustion chemistry, where inks embody a redox mixture of silver nitrate and citric acid in the presence of a binder, sodium-carboxymethylcellulose. The exothermic reaction at ~ 176 C results in the formation of pure silver. Screen-printing process is optimized for three different silver loadings (14%, 18% and 22%) in ink. In depth rheological study of the inks reveals thixotropic nature and the ink with 18% of silver possessing a viscosity of 328 Pa.s has a recovery rate of 84% at 110 s with a shear rate of 1 s?1. The deposited silver films (~ 3 m thick) on both rigid-glass and flexible-polyamide substrates have shown an electrical conductivity of 4.2 106 S m?1 and 2.6 106 S m?1 respectively. Film adhesion on glass substrates categorized under 3B as per ASTM D-3359. Present screen-printed silver films find their application as a gate electrode in thin film transistors (TFTs). The TFTs comprising of indium zinc tin oxide semiconductor and sodium ? -alumina dielectric with screen-printed silver as a gate electrode exhibited the saturation mobility, on:off ratio and threshold voltage of 0.88 cm2 V?1 s?1, 102 and ~ 0.3 V respectively. 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
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