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Title: Laboratory Evaluation of SMA Mixtures Made with Polymer-Modified Bitumen and Stabilizing Additives
Authors: Shiva, Kumar, G.
Shankar, A.U.R.
Ravi, Teja, B.V.S.
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 2019, Vol.31, 4, pp.-
Abstract: Stone matrix asphalt (SMA) is a gap-graded mixture that consists of two parts, a high concentration coarse aggregate skeleton and a high binder content mortar. The coarse aggregate skeleton provides the mixture with stone-on-stone contact, giving it strength, while the high binder content mortar adds durability. The mortar is typically composed of fine aggregate, mineral filler, asphalt binder, and a stabilizing additive. A stabilizing additive such as natural fibers, mineral fibers, or polymers is added to SMA mixtures to prevent draindown. In addition, it has the potential of reinforcing and improving the tensile strength and cohesion of SMA mixtures. In this study, banana fiber (BF) and pelletized fiber (VP) are used as stabilizing additives to prepare SMA mixtures with conventional viscosity-graded (VG) 30 bitumen. Mixtures were prepared with different levels BF and VP content, and another mixture without any stabilizers was also prepared using polymer-modified bitumen (PMB). Superpave mix design, draindown, fatigue, rutting, workability, and moisture-induced damage properties were evaluated. Results indicated that addition of natural and pelletized fiber controls binder draindown and improves resistance to rutting, fatigue, and moisture-induced damage of SMA mixture. Further, polymer-modified SMA mixtures take less energy for densification compared to SMA mixtures with natural and pelletized fiber. Results also showed that even though polymer-modified SMA mixtures performed better, SMA mixtures with pelletized fiber provided comparable results. 2019 American Society of Civil Engineers.
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