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Title: Ionic liquid-promoted one-pot synthesis of thiazole-imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole hybrids and their antitubercular activity
Authors: Ramprasad, J.
Nayak, N.
Udayakumar, D.
Yogeeswari, P.
Sriram, D.
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: MedChemComm, 2016, Vol.7, 2, pp.338-344
Abstract: In this paper, we report the facile and efficient one-pot three-component synthesis of 1-((6-phenylimidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazol-5-yl)methylene)-2-(4-phenylthiazol-2-yl)hydrazine derivatives (5a-w) using an ionic liquid, namely 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide ([Bmim]Br). The compounds were screened for their in vitro antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Compound 5s showed the highest inhibitory activity with an MIC of 6.03 ?M which is slightly lower than the MIC values of standard drugs ethambutol (15.3 ?M) and ciprofloxacin (9.4 ?M). Four other compounds of the series viz.5e, 5i, 5t and 5w also showed significant inhibitory activity with MIC values in the range of 11.7-13.9 ?M. The structure-activity relationship revealed that the trifluoromethyl substitution at position-2 and p-chlorophenyl substitution at position-6 of the imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole ring enhanced the inhibitory activity. Also, the methyl, methoxy, fluoro or nitro substituents on the thiazole ring enhanced the activity of the compounds. None of the active compounds were toxic to a normal cell line (NIH 3T3), which signifies the lack of general cellular toxicity of the molecules. In silico molecular docking studies revealed the favourable interaction of the potent compounds with the target enzymes InhA and CYP121. The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016.
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