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Title: Enhancement of a Novel Extracellular Uricase Production by Media Optimization and Partial Purification by Aqueous Three-Phase System
Authors: Ram, S.K.
Raval, K.
Jagadeeshbabu, P.E.
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 2015, Vol.45, 8, pp.810-824
Abstract: Uricase (urate: oxygen oxidoreductase, EC, an enzyme belonging to the class of oxidoreductases, catalyzes the enzymatic oxidation of uric acid to allantoin and finds a wide variety of application as therapeutic and clinical reagent. In this study, uricase production ability of the bacterial strains isolated from deep litter poultry soil is investigated. The strain with maximum extracellular uricase production capability was identified as Xanthomonas fuscans subsp. aurantifolii based on 16S rRNA sequencing. Effect of various carbon and nitrogen sources on uricase productivity was investigated. The uricase production for this strain was optimized using statistically based experimental designs and resulted in uricase activity of 306 U/L, which is 2 times higher than initial uricase activity. Two-step purification, such as ammonium sulfate precipitation and aqueous two-phase system, was carried out and a twofold increase in yield and specific activity was observed. 2015 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
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