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Title: Functionalized pyrene-based AIEgens: synthesis, photophysical characterization and density functional theory studies
Authors: Mohan, M.
James, J.
Satyanarayan, M.N.
Trivedi, D.R.
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: Luminescence, 2019, Vol.34, 7, pp.715-723
Abstract: Three new pyrene-based derivatives P1, P2 and P3 with a substituted pyrazole were designed, synthesized and characterized using standard spectroscopic techniques. Ultraviolet visible (UV vis) spectroscopic studies for P1 P3 uncovered a finite bathochromic shift of the molecules in solvents of varying polarity. Photoluminescence (PL) studies revealed the significant fluorescence emission of all molecules in higher polar solvents such as MeOH and dimethylformamide (DMF). Fluorescence quantum yield studies demonstrated the importance of P3 possessing cyanofunctionality for imparting higher emission with a quantum yield of 0.36%. Ratiometric studies performed in a tetrahydrofuran (THF)/H2O mixture indicated fluorescence enhancement with increasing overall percentage of water, confirming the aggregation-induced emission effect. Cyclic voltammetry study of molecules P1 P3 revealed an irreversible oxidation peak and the band gaps were calculated to be 2.26 eV for P1 and 2.31 eV for P2 and P3 respectively. Density functional theory (DFT) studies performed on molecules P1 P3 validate the structure correlation of the molecules. Theoretically estimated highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO), lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) and bandgap correlated well with the experimental values. Furthermore, time-dependent (TD)DFT showed that the major contribution for the electronic transitions occurring in the system was governed by HOMO-1 and LUMO+1 orbitals. 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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