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|Title:||Fast start crystal oscillator design with negative resistance control|
|Citation:||Integration, 2019, Vol.65, , pp.138-148|
|Abstract:||Clock is an essential part of most of the integrated circuits as time base reference. It must be very accurate, highly reliable and readily available as soon as it is enabled. In all types of oscillator architectures, crystal oscillator is the most accurate and stable clock generator. But usually the crystal oscillator circuit suffers from slow startup. Therefore, it is essential to improve the startup time with optimally controlled crystal drive such that crystal drive power rating is not compromised. We propose a method that discusses about increasing the negative resistance during startup, using a startup circuit for fast start. Once the reliable startup is achieved, the negative resistance is decreased and the startup circuit is disconnected. The reduction in negative resistance is done with current steps and there are two ways in which it is achieved, the Digital control method and Analog control method. In digital control method, the current steps are timed at regular intervals and in analog control method, oscillator output amplitude is given as feedback to the startup circuit there by reducing the negative resistance. In the 32768 Hz real time clock generating oscillator, the startup time can be improved from 330 ms to 220 ms using the conventional startup method. With the proposed digital control method, lesser startup time of 160 ms is achieved and in analog control method it is further reduced to 120 ms. 2018 Elsevier B.V.|
|Appears in Collections:||1. Journal Articles|
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