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Title: Effect of lanthanum on the phase evolution of perovskite barium stannate synthesized through polymerized complex method
Authors: Prajapati, M.J.
Vardhan, R.V.
Mandal, S.
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: Ceramics International, 2019, Vol.45, 14, pp.17420-17428
Abstract: In this study, electrically conductive perovskite lanthanum-doped barium stannate, LaxBa1-x SnO3-? (x = 0, 0.05, 0.1 and 0.15) ceramics were synthesized through polymerized complex method. The evolution of BaSnO3 phase with temperature and effect of La doping was investigated. Doping of La increased the lattice parameter from 4.1165 to 4.1208 , up to solubility limit (x = 0.1); doping further, secondary phase La2Sn2O7 appeared. BaSnO3 phase crystallization initiated at ?528 C from the reaction of BaCO3 and SnO2 and was retarded by La doping causing an increment in phase formation temperature from 528.4 to 531.1 C. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy evidence substantial increment in (SnO3)2- absorption band with temperature strengthening diffraction responses. An incremental response in the electrical conductivity was observed by La doping with a maximum value of ?25 S cm?1, attributed to the generation of charge carriers by substitution of Ba with La ion and oxygen vacancies. In parallel, generated charge carriers also contributed towards the ionic reduction of Sn4+ to Sn2+ aiding the lattice enhancement. La-doped BaSnO3 ceramics can have a potential application in optoelectronic, thermoelectric devices and humidity sensors. 2019 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.
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