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Title: Eco-friendly synthesis of porous graphene and its utilization as high performance supercapacitor electrode material
Authors: Sethi, M.
Bantawal, H.
Shenoy, U.S.
Bhat, D.K.
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2019, Vol.799, , pp.256-266
Abstract: The successful application of porous graphene (PG) is hindered due to the lack of efficient and cost-effective method for its synthesis. Herein, we report a facile and eco-friendly method to produce PG through a low temperature solvothermal method. The structural and morphological characteristics of PG samples were investigated thoroughly. The as synthesized material is found to be a few layers thick (?4 6 layers) with a surface area of 420 m2 g?1 and consisting of hierarchical pores on the surface of the sheets. A high specific capacitance of 666 F g?1 was obtained at a scan rate of 5 mV s?1, apart from longer cyclic stability with 87% retention of initial capacitance value after 10000 cycles for the PG 28 sample. The fabricated supercapacitor displayed an energy density of 26.3 Wh kg?1 and power density of 6120 W kg?1. Density functional theory calculations were also carried out to qualitatively support the enhanced capacitance by providing theoretical insight from electronic structure and density of states of PG. These results open a new avenue for greener synthesis of high-quality PG using environmentally friendly solvents, without the use of toxic chemicals, for excellent supercapacitor performance. 2019 Elsevier B.V.
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