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Title: Comparison of Meteorological Drought Indices for Different Climatic Regions of an Indian River Basin
Authors: Pathak, A.A.
Dodamani, B.M.
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2019, Vol., , pp.-
Abstract: Droughts being a regional phenomenon has a vicious impact on agricultural production as well as on the socioeconomic status of an area. Meteorological drought is not only the result of rainfall deficit but also influenced by temperature in the form of evapotranspiration. There are several indices that could assess meteorological drought. Because of the complex phenomenon underling in the interaction between climatic, hydrological and ecological variables hampers to ascertain the suitability of a drought index to a particular region. The present work aims to compare different meteorological drought indices for a given climatic condition at the regional level. The Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI), Reconnaissance Drought Index (RDI) and Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) were employed to study the variation of drought characteristics calculated from these indices. The study was implemented in the Ghataprabha river basin, which is one of the potential lands for agriculture in the basin of river Krishna. The study area possesses negative trends in rainfall and significant increasing trends in the temperature when tested with the Mann-Kendell trend test. Several drought events were observed through SPI, RDI, and SPEI over the basin. SPEI identified the highest number of drought events with high duration and severe intensity as compared to SPI and RDI. The alike performance was noticed between RDI and SPI whereas SPEI does not harmonize with them at any timescale of the study period. The study recommends to consider RDI and SPI in the humid (subhumid) region and SPEI at the semiarid (arid) region to assess the impact of drought effectively. The study also suggests to use an appropriate drought index for analysis of drought, which could lead to an adequate preparedness for the future drought hazards. 2019, Korean Meteorological Society and Springer Nature B.V.
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