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|Title:||Batch and continuous studies on the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution using biosynthesised melanin-coated PVDF membranes|
Raj Mohan, Balakrishnan
|Citation:||Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2019, Vol., , pp.-|
|Abstract:||Heavy metals like mercury, chromium, lead and copper present in groundwater at lower concentrations cause severe health issues and can even be fatal when consumed. The biopigment/biopolymer melanin can be reaped from different sources like bacterium, fungus, and human hair. It has excellent heavy metal ion scavenging property and can be exploited for non-biological applications, substantially including water purification. In this work, melanin nanoparticles were derived from the marine bacterium Pseudomonas stutzeri and were coated onto hydrophobic polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membrane as a support, for batch and continuous removal of heavy metal studies. Batch studies on the effect of pH, temperature and adsorbate dose and continuous adsorption studies on the effect of flow rate, adsorbate and adsorbent mass loadings were carried out by using biosynthesised melanin-coated PVDF membranes for the removal of Hg(II), Cr(VI), Pb(II) and Cu(II). Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images revealed the surface morphology, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) deciphered the chemical characteristics of melanin-coated PVDF membranes before and after adsorption. Contact angle measurement confirmed the improvement in hydrophilicity of PVDF membrane upon coating with melanin. The maximum removal percentages of heavy metals achieved by melanin-coated PVDF membranes under batch mode operation were 87.6%, 88.45%, 91.8% and 95.8% for mercury, chromium, lead and copper, respectively optimised at 318 K and pH of 3 for chromium and 5 for other metals. However, the continuous mode of operation with a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min having 1 mg/L of heavy metal solution concentration exposed to 50 mg of melanin loading with a working volume of 200 mL showed better removal efficiencies compared with batch mode. The dynamic studies using Thomas and Yoon Nelson models described the transient stage of the breakthrough curve and the model constants were calculated for column design and scale-up. 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.|
|Appears in Collections:||1. Journal Articles|
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