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Title: Oxidation and corrosion resistance of TiAl3 coatings
Authors: Udayashankar, N.K.
Rajasekaran, S.
Nayak, J.
Issue Date: 2008
Citation: Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, 2008, Vol.61, 43892, pp.231-233
Abstract: Titanium aluminides based on TiAl, TiAl3 and Ti3Al are potential materials for high temperature aerospace applications. Their low density, high temperature creep resistance, high temperature strength and high oxidation resistance make them excellent coating materials. However mese coatings are likely to be subjected to high temperature and corrosive environments during service. Hence it is aimed to study the oxidation and corrosion resistance of TiAl3 coatings on various types of substrates. In me present work, TiAl3 is coated on high speed steel, stainless steel 304, stainless steel 316, copper and aluminum substrates by physical vapor deposition technique. X-ray diffraction analysis confirms the presence of TiAl3 phase. The hardness studies reveal that better hardness can be achieved with thick coatings. The oxidation behavior of the coatings is studied by carrying out step stress experiments at elevated temperatures. Coated samples are heated up from 400�C in the steps of 100�C for 1h in each step to 3000�C. The mass gain caused by oxidation was determined. The oxidation curve drawn as a function of mass gain versus temperature reveals that TiAl3 film started to oxidize above 800�C, where as oxidation of me uncoated substrates began at a much lower temperature of 550�C. The excellent oxidation resistance of the coatings can be attributed to the formation of an amorphous Al2O3 film. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and EDAX analysis confirm the presence of an amorphous Al2O3 film. The corrosion behavior of TiAl3 coatings are investigated by the polarization resistance experiments in NaCl aqueous solution at ambient temperature. According to the Tafel plot analysis, the coatings show lower corrosion rate than the untreated substrates. The major corrosion in the coatings arose from electrolyte penetration into the pores of the coatings. In fact, a dense coating showed a high corrosion resistance in an aqueous medium.
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