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Title: Stone-Wales Defect Induced Performance Improvement of BC3 Monolayer for High Capacity Lithium-Ion Rechargeable Battery Anode Applications
Authors: Thomas S.
Madam A.K.
Zaeem M.A.
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces Vol. , , p. -
Abstract: First-principles density functional theory (DFT) computations were adopted to assess the potential application of a boron carbide (BC3) monolayer with point and topological defects as an anode material in alkali metal-based lithium (Li) ion rechargeable batteries. Results show that point defects (mono and bi vacancies) induce a large structural deformation upon Li intercalation which restricts their use for anode application. However, the Stone-Wales defect filled BC3 monolayer shows high structural stability with a negative Li binding energy of-1.961 eV in comparison with-0.930 eV of its pristine form. It is also noticed that after adsorbing the Li atom, the semiconducting characteristics of both the pristine and Stone-Wales defect filled BC3 monolayers are transformed into metallic, electrically conductive states. More importantly, the Li alkali metal atom shows fast diffusion on the surfaces of both the pristine and the Stone-Wales defect filled BC3 monolayers with low energy barriers of 0.34 and 0.33 eV, respectively. Besides, both the pristine and Stone-Wales defect filled BC3 monolayers exhibit high theoretical specific capacities of 1144 and 1287 mAhg-1, which are much higher than that of a traditional graphite anode and stand among the highest values of anode materials detailed in literature. The Li alkali metal intercalated monolayers BC3 show small average open-circuit voltages of 0.485 and 0.465 V for pristine and Stone-Wales defect cases, respectively. On the basis of the aforementioned details, the present study suggests that the Stone-Wales type topological defect incorporated BC3 monolayer is a promising anode material for Li-ion based rechargeable batteries with high storage capacity, low Li diffusion energy barrier, and low average open-circuit voltage. Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society.
Appears in Collections:1. Journal Articles

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