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Title: Assessment of sulfonated homo and co-polyimides incorporated polysulfone ultrafiltration blend membranes for effective removal of heavy metals and proteins
Authors: Jafar Mazumder M.A.
Raja P.H.
Isloor A.M.
Usman M.
Chowdhury S.H.
Ali S.A.
Al-Ahmed A.
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: Scientific Reports , Vol. 10 , 1 , p. -
Abstract: Sulfonated homo and co- polyimide (sPI) were synthesized with new compositional ratios, and used as additives (0.5 wt%, 0.75 wt%, and 1.0 wt%) to prepare blend membranes with polysulfone (PSf). Flat sheet membranes for ultrafiltration (UF) were casted using the phase inversion technique. Surface morphology of the prepared UF membranes were characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Surface charge of the membranes were determined by zeta potential, and hydrophilicity was studied by contact angle measurement. The contact angle of the membrane decreased with increasing sPI additive indicates increasing the hydrophilicity of the blend membranes. Filtration studies were conducted for rejection of heavy metals (Pb2+ and Cd2+) and proteins (pepsin and BSA). Blend membranes showed better rejection than pure PSf membrane. Among the blend membranes it was observed that with increasing amount of sPIs enhance the membrane properties and finally, PSf-sPI5 membrane with 1 wt% of sPI5 showed the improved permeability (72.1 L m−2 h−1 bar−1), and the best rejection properties were found for both metal ions (≈98% of Pb2+; ≈92% of Cd2+) and proteins (>98% of BSA; > 86% of Pepsin). Over all, this membrane was having better hydrophilicity, porosity and higher number of sites to attach the metal ions. Its performance was even better than several-reported sulfonic acid based UF membranes. All these intriguing properties directed this new UF membrane for its potential application in wastewater treatment. © 2020, The Author(s).
Appears in Collections:1. Journal Articles

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