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Title: Transient dynamic distributed strain sensing using photonic crystal waveguides
Authors: Sagar, H.P.
Mahalingam, V.
Mahapatra, D.R.
Hegde, G.
Hanagud, S.
Rahman, M.R.
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Applied Optics, 2017, Vol.56, 28, pp.7877-7885
Abstract: This paper presents a new type of one-dimensional photonic crystal (PC) waveguide sensor and a technique for prediction of transient strain response accurately. The PC waveguide is integrated on a silicon substrate. We investigate the effect of non-uniform strain localization on the optical signal and use that information to capture the transient strain. Wavelength shift due to distributed strain field is modeled by incorporating the mechanically deformed geometry and photo-acoustic coupling through Pockels effect in a finite element formulation. We demonstrate the advantages of using our proposed method, where multiple spectral peak shift is used instead of single peak shift in order to improve sensing output accuracy and also to estimate the sensor parameter regressively, where the signal�s bandwidth is limited. The maximum sensitivity of the waveguide sensor in terms of wavelength shift is estimated to be 0.36 pm/?strain in single-peak-based sensing, whereas the proposed adaptive multispectral estimation scheme shows an enhanced sensitivity of 4.029 pm/?strain. � 2017 Optical Society of America.
URI: 10.1364/AO.56.007877
Appears in Collections:1. Journal Articles

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