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Title: Screening and optimisation of bioconversion parameters for the reduction of 3-[5-[(4-flurophenyl)-1,5, di-oxopentol]-yl] -4-(S) phenyl oxazolidin-2-one
Authors: Brahmani, Priyadarshini, S.R.
Mugeraya, G.
Sandhyavali, M.S.
Issue Date: 2009
Citation: International Journal of PharmTech Research, 2009, Vol.1, 4, pp.1601-1604
Abstract: The reduction of ketones is one of the most important and practical reaction for producing non racemic alcohols, which are needed to synthesize industrially important chemicals such as pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals and natural products. Biocatalysis has turned out to be a highly competitive technology for asymmetric ketone reduction. In the present work, an attempt was made to identify a potential microorganism for the reduction of 3-[5-[(4-flurophenyl)-1,5, di-oxopentol]-yl] -4-(S) phenyl oxazolidin-2-one. Some of the fungi screened were Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Aspergillus niger(2 strains), Pichia farinosa, Candida vishwanathii, Rhizopus stolonifer and Penicillin species. The experimental results showed that S. cerevisiae, Aspergillus niger and C. viswanathii strains were able to bring about the conversion of selected ketone to alcohol. As Saccharomyces cerevisiae was found to be more effective in bringing about reduction, it was selected for further experiment. In order to improve the yield certain bioconversion parameters like pH of reaction medium, time of incubation, incubation temperature and biomass to substrate ratio were studied. The results showed that the bioreduction of the above mentioned substrate was maximum in pH 7.6 at 30 C when incubated for 48 h. The conversion increased with increase in biomass, however it reached saturation at the ratio of 300:1.
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