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Title: Parametric study of manufacturing ultrafine polybenzimidazole fibers by electrospinning
Authors: Anandhan, S.
Ponprapakaran, K.
Senthil, T.
George, G.
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: International Journal of Plastics Technology, 2012, Vol.16, 2, pp.101-116
Abstract: Polybenzimidazole (PBI), a high performance polymer, was synthesized from 3,3?-diaminobenzidine (DAB) and isophthalic acid (IPA) through polycondensation. The chemical structure of PBI was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Thermal characterization of PBI was done by thermogravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry. PBI nanofibers were fabricated by electrospinning of N, N-dimethyl acetamide solutions of PBI of different solution concentrations, at different voltages. The effects of solution and process parameters (namely, solution concentration and DC voltage) on morphology and average diameter of electrospun PBI fibers were investigated. The electrospun ultrafine fibers' diameter and morphology were characterized by using scanning electron microscopy. Nanofibers were obtained only from PBI solutions of concentrations 12 and 14 % (w/v). At concentrations of 8, 10, and 16 %, fibers could not be obtained. The process parameters were optimized by using the statistical tool, factorial or two-way ANOVA (analysis of variance), DOE (design of experiments) and the results indicate that the applied voltage and the interaction of voltage and solution concentration are influential in determining the diameter and morphology of the electrospun ultrathin PBI fibers. Electrospun PBI fibers, as small as 56 nm, could be successfully produced by using the right combination of solution concentration and spinning voltage. 2012 Central Institute of Plastics Engineering & Technology.
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