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Title: Magnetoelectrodeposition of Ni-W alloy coatings for enhanced hydrogen evolution reaction
Authors: Elias, L.
Cao, P.
Chitharanjan, Hegde, A.
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: RSC Advances, 2016, Vol.6, 112, pp.111358-111365
Abstract: The electrocatalytic efficiency of electrodeposited (ED) Ni-W alloy coatings for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) has been improved drastically through magnetoelectrodeposition (MED) approach. Ni-W alloy coatings have been developed under different conditions of magnetic field intensity 'B' (applied perpendicular in the range of 0.1-0.4 T), and their electrocatalytic activity for the HER has been tested using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronopotentiometry (CP) techniques in 1.0 M KOH solution. A drastic improvement in the electrocatalytic behavior of the MED coating, represented as (Ni-W)B=0.2 T was found as compared to its conventional Ni-W alloy coatings. Improved performance of the MED coatings was explained on the basis of differences in the process of electrocrystallization affected due to the applied magnetic field, supported by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses. A magnetic field has been used advantageously for the first time to increase the W content of the alloy. Increased activity of the MED coatings was attributed to the increased W content in the alloy, characterized by the unique (220) reflection, explained by the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) effect due to Lorentz force. 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
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