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Title: Characterisation of water base copper nanoquenchants by standard cooling curve analysis
Authors: Ramesh, G.
Prabhu, K.N.
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: International Heat Treatment and Surface Engineering, 2011, Vol.5, 4, pp.165-170
Abstract: Water base copper nanofluids having concentrations varying from 0?001 to 0?1 vol.-% were prepared and used as quench media for immersion quenching. Cooling curve analyses were carried out by using a standard ISO/DIS 9950 quench probe. An inverse heat conduction model is employed to estimate the metal/nanoquenchant interfacial heat flux transients from the measured temperature field and thermophysical properties of the quench probe material. The addition of copper nanoparticles had a significant effect on the occurrence of the vapour blanket stage and nucleate boiling stage. Furthermore, all six cooling curve parameters were found to be altered by adding nanoparticles to water. The contact angle of water decreased from 67 to 39 by adding 0?1 vol.-% of copper nanoparticles indicating the improved wettability of nanofluids. The heat flux curve shows a maximum initially then drops rapidly during quenching. The peak cooling rate and heat flux of water increased by adding copper nanoparticles up to 0?01 vol.-%. Both parameters decreased with further increase in concentration of nanoparticles. The results suggest that the quench severity of water could be altered by adding copper nanoparticles. 2011 IHTSE Partnership.
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